[ Investigation into the Evolution of International Science & Technology Exchange Policy
from Domestic Science & Technology Policy ]
(Supported by the Watanabe Memorial Foundation for the Advancement of Technology (2012))

Governance in the science and technology field has a history of over 70 years in Japan, making it an area in which it is possible to refer back to the impact of past policies. Even within science and technology policy, international exchange in science and technology is a specialist area, and the bulk of the various exchange policies implemented by the Japanese government today were formed under the science and technology framework established primarily between Japan and the U.S. in the 1980’s when landmark policies were developed.
In this investigation, past changes in Japan’s international science and technology exchange policy in relation to its circumstances were consolidated and verified, with the general underlying theme being the move toward technology-driven science, a concept that corresponds to current policies focusing on the promotion of innovation. The investigation also explored the difficulties that have arisen in the period ranging from before the Second World War until the present day, with the aim of produced recommendations for the creation of dynamic international science and technology exchange policies.